The hottest new scientific and technological revol

2022-09-19
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The new scientific and technological revolution is gradually approaching, and the transformation and upgrading of manufacturing powers are seeking new

a research topic on how China will realize the transformation and upgrading from a manufacturing power to a manufacturing power is being carried out by the Chinese Academy of engineering

On June 26, the International Symposium on the new industrial revolution and additive manufacturing, jointly sponsored by the Ministry of industry and information technology, the Ministry of science and technology, the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Chinese Academy of engineering, was held in Beijing. At the meeting, Gan Yong, vice president of the Chinese Academy of engineering, revealed that entrusted by the Ministry of industry and information technology, the Chinese Academy of engineering was completing the research on the above strategic topics

he pointed out that the transformation and upgrading of China's manufacturing industry is closely combined with the emergence of the new industrial revolution. The field of new technology will pull all countries at the same starting line. Whoever develops new products at a faster speed and on a larger scale can become the leader of the new technological revolution

in addition, Su Bo, Vice Minister of the Ministry of industry and information technology, also elaborated on the opportunities and challenges brought by the new industrial revolution to China's manufacturing industry at the meeting

new topic of the Academy of Engineering

China has become a major manufacturing country in the world. Where will China's manufacturing industry develop in the future? At this seminar, Gan Yong raised such a question, and then introduced the main content of the strategic topic from a manufacturing power to a manufacturing power

he pointed out that the overall structure of China's manufacturing industry is unreasonable. Among the main advanced equipment, only 26.1% have reached the advanced level. Moreover, the dependence of the manufacturing industry on foreign countries has exceeded 50%, for example, 80% of high-end chips rely on imports

the problem of product quality in China is also prominent. The unqualified rate of national random inspection has reached 10%, and the annual economic loss due to product quality (dishonesty) is about 200billion yuan. Gan Yong said that China is the largest manufacturing country, but it is not a strong country. Of course, it is moving towards a manufacturing power

based on this background, the Ministry of industry and Information Technology commissioned the Chinese Academy of engineering to carry out the strategic project from a manufacturing power to a manufacturing power. Gan Yong revealed that the research group has studied China's guidelines for building a manufacturing power 4. Experimental steps: China, and has initially formed an index system for building a manufacturing power, including scale development, quality benefits, structural optimization, etc

our transformation should be closely combined with the emergence of the overall new industrial revolution. Gan Yong pointed out that China's construction of a manufacturing power will be based on the principle of promoting original innovation, leading green technology, expanding international space and building leading brands. The development goal will be set in two stages and will be relatively solid

he also introduced eight measures to achieve manufacturing power, including cultivating enterprise groups with international competitiveness, promoting breakthroughs in advantageous industries and regions, developing modern manufacturing services, promoting digital intelligent manufacturing, improving innovative design capabilities, strengthening the manufacturing foundation, implementing quality improvement projects, and promoting green manufacturing

the trend of a new round of revolution

although it will take time for the arrival of a new round of technological and industrial revolution, there is no doubt that it will become the best opportunity for the realization of China's manufacturing power strategy

at the International Symposium on the new industrial revolution and additive manufacturing, Su Bo, Vice Minister of the Ministry of industry and information technology, made a keynote speech on the transformation and upgrading of China's manufacturing industry

Recently, the international community has discussed more about the new industrial revolution. Although there are different views, the more consistent view is that the integration of information technology and manufacturing, coupled with major breakthroughs in new materials, new energy and other technologies, will trigger a new round of technological and industrial changes. He concluded that grasping the new development trend of the new round of technological and industrial revolution should include three aspects

first of all, information network has become a key force to support and lead the new industrial revolution. Among the top 20 PCT patent applications in the world in 2012, 14 are ICT (information, communication and Technology) enterprises. Su Bo said that the cross integration of information network technology and technologies in other fields is constantly promoting technological innovation in related fields, such as the deep integration of information network technology and energy technology, making breakthroughs in distributed generation and large-scale technology

secondly, the breakthrough and cross integration of multi field technology groups will promote the profound reform of manufacturing production mode. Multinational enterprises will more decompose their product value chain into supporting cooperative enterprises in different countries through networks. Moreover, the boundaries between manufacturing and services will become increasingly blurred. Su Bo said

third, a new round of technological and industrial revolution will reshape the new pattern of global industrial competition. With strong technological foundation, strong research and development capabilities and resource integration capabilities, multinational companies strive to further consolidate their leading position in the global industrial competition. For example, Siemens leads the global industrial development trend in the field of new energy with its leading integrated blade technology, high-efficiency motor energy-saving technology, and intelligent power technology

new opportunities and challenges

Su Bo pointed out that compared with the previous rounds of scientific and technological revolution, China has always been in a follow-up state, technological innovation led by new energy, energy conservation and environmental protection, and information is more based on traditional mature technologies. Therefore, based on the technological foundation and R & D capabilities accumulated over the past 30 years, China's manufacturing industry is closer to the world's leading level than ever before

if we can seize this opportunity, it is entirely possible to catch up with developed countries in several important areas. He said that China has entered the world's advanced ranks in the third generation mobile communications, high-speed trains, automotive power batteries, UHV power transmission and transformation, avian influenza vaccine, tumor targeted therapy and other aspects

the domestic market with a population of 1billion, which continues to grow rapidly, will provide strong support for the development of China's manufacturing industry. Su Bo analysis according to U.S. media reports, in the process of industrialization, the domestic market of European countries such as Britain, France and Germany is at the level of tens of millions of people, and the scale of the United States, Japan and Russia is more than 100 million. China has a rapidly growing domestic market with a population of more than 1 billion, which no country has ever had in the process of industrialization and modernization

it is estimated that if a farmer turns into a citizen, the consumption demand will increase by more than 10000 yuan, and the potential investment demand for infrastructure and public services will increase by 100000 yuan. During the 12th Five Year Plan period, China's urbanization level will increase by 4 percentage points, that is, it will absorb 40million rural people into cities, drive more than 400 billion yuan of consumption demand and 4trillion yuan of investment demand

in addition, recently, the State Council has vigorously promoted the transformation of government intelligence and decentralization, which has also brought more opportunities to stimulate the development vitality and creativity of market players

however, Su Bo also warned that the deep-seated impact of the international financial crisis continues to emerge. At present, there are 57 pedestrian overpasses in Urumqi, which has formed a major structural constraint on China's manufacturing industry with obvious export-oriented characteristics. It will bring extreme tension on raw materials. Besides, the development of China's manufacturing industry is facing a double squeeze. In the middle and low-end manufacturing sector, emerging market countries such as India, Brazil and Vietnam have become increasingly attractive to international investment. At the same time, the reverse transfer of high-end manufacturing to developed countries has also emerged

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